Domestic Violence Facts

General

3 out of 4 Americans know a Victim of Domestic Violence
  • An estimated 1.3 million women are victims of physical assault by an intimate partner each year.1
  • As many as 324,000 women each year experience intimate partner violence during their pregnancy.2
  • The majority (73%) of family violence victims are female.1
  • Females were 84% of spousal abuse victims and 86% of abuse victims at the hands of a boyfriend.
  • Historically, females have been most often victimized by someone they knew.1
  • Females who are 20-24 years of age are at the greatest risk for intimate partner violence.1
  • 3 out of 4 Americans personally know someone who is or has been a victim of domestic violence.2

Sexual Assault and Stalking1

  • 1 in 6 women and 1 in 33 men have experienced an attempted or completed rape.
  • Nearly 7.8 million women have been raped by an intimate partner at some point in their lives.
  • 1 in 12 women and 1 in 45 men will be stalked in their lifetime.
  • 81% of women stalked by a current or former intimate partner are also physically assaulted by that partner; 31% are also sexually assaulted by that partner.

Homicide and Injury

  • Almost 1/3 of female homicide victims that are reported in police records are killed by an intimate partner.1
  • 75% of murder-suicides occurred in the home
  • On the average, more than 3 women are murdered by their husbands or boyfriends every day.2
  • 94% of offenders in murder-suicides were male.2
  • 76% of femicide victims had been stalked by the person who killed them.1
  • 75% of murder-suicides occurred in the home.2
  • Less than 1/5 of victims reporting an injury from intimate partner violence sought medical treatment following injury.1
  • Intimate partner violence results in more than 18.5 million mental health care visits each year.1

Teenagers

  • 1 in 11 adolescents reports being a victim of physical dating violence.3
  • 1 in 5 female high school students report being physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner.2
  • 1 in 3 teens report knowing a friend or peer who has been hit, punched, slapped, choked or physically hurt by his/her partner.2
  • Dating violence occurs more frequently among black students (13.9%) than among Hispanic (9.3%) or white (7%) students.3
  • Victims of dating violence are not only at increased risk for injury, they are also more likely to engage in binge drinking, suicide attempts, physical fights, and currently sexual activity.3
  • Dating violence is associated with unhealthy sexual behaviors that can lead to unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV infections.3

Child Victims and Witnesses

  • In 2006, U.S. state and local child protective services (CPS) investigated 3.6 million reports of children being abused or neglected.3
  • CPS classified more than 900,000 (12.1 per 1,000) of these children as victims. Nearly three quarters of them had no history of prior victimization.
  • 64% of the children were classified as victims of child neglect; 7% as victims of emotional abuse; 9% as victims of sexual abuse; and 16% as victims of physical abuse.
  • A non-CPS study reported that 14% of U.S. children experienced some form of child maltreatment: 8% were victims of sexual abuse; 22% were victims of child neglect; 48% were victims of physical abuse; and 75% were victims of emotional abuse.3
  • Overall girls (52%) were at slightly higher risk than boys (48%) for all forms of child maltreatment.3
  • In 2006, some children had higher rates of victimization:3
    • African-American (19.8 per 1,000 children)
    • American Indian or Alaska Native (15.9 per 1,000)
    • Multiracial (15.4 per 1,000)
  • In 2006, more than 1,500 children ages 0-17 died from abuse and neglect (rate 2.04 per 100,000 children).3
  • Witnessing violence between one's parents or caretakers is the strongest risk factor of transmitting violent behavior from one generation to the next.1
  • Boys who witness domestic violence are twice as likely to abuse their own partners and children when they become adults.1
  • 30% to 60% of perpetrators of intimate partner violence also abuse children in the household.1

Domestic Violence in the Workplace4

The Battered Worker:

  • Homicide is the leading cause of death for women in the workplace.
  • Of the approximately 1.7 million incidents of workplace violence that occur in the US every year, 18,700 are committed by an intimate partner: a current or former spouse, lover, partner, or boyfriend/girlfriend.
  • 96% experience problems at work due to abuse
  • 74% are harassed while at work by their abuser
  • 56% are late to work
  • 28% leave work early
  • 54% miss entire days of work
  • Intimate partner violence victims lose nearly 8.0 million days of paid work each year - the equivalent of more than 32,000 full-time jobs and nearly 5.6 million days of household productivity.

Corporations:

  • 68% of senior executives surveyed agreed that their company's financial performance would benefit from addressing the issue of domestic violence among its employees.
  • 94% of corporate security directors rank domestic violence as a high security risk.
  • 78% of Human Resource Directors identify domestic violence as a substantial employee problem.
  • 56% of corporate leaders are personally aware of specific employees who are affected by domestic violence.
  • 60% of senior executives said that domestic violence has a harmful effect on their company's productivity.

In Texas5

  • 186,868 Family Violence incidents
  • 120 women killed by their intimate partner
  • 12,356 adults received shelter from their abusive relationships
  • 16,968 children received shelter
  • 74% of all Texans have either themselves or had a family member and/or a friend experience some form of domestic violence.
  • 47% of all Texans report having personally experienced at least one form of domestic violence, severe, verbal and/or forced isolation from friends and family at some point in their lifetime.
  • 75% of all Texans report that they would be likely to call the police if they were to experience some form of domestic violence. Yet only 20% indicated that they actually did call the police when they or a family member experienced domestic violence.

73% of all Texans believe that domestic violence is a serious problem in Texas
73% of all Texans believe that domestic violence is a serious problem in Texas.

84% percent of all Texans report that they believe they can personally do something about domestic violence
84% percent of all Texans report that they believe they can personally do something about domestic violence.

Domestic violence is one of the most chronically underreported crimes.

Sources:

Statistical information was obtained in October 2008 from the following:

  1. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence “Domestic Violence Facts” at http://www.ncadv.org/files/domesticviolencefacts.pdf
  2. National Domestic Violence Hotline “Abuse in America” at http://www.thehotline.org/get-educated/abuse-in-america/ (External Site)
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention at http://www.cdc.gov/injury (External Site)
  4. American Institute on Domestic Violence at http://www.aidv-usa.com/Statistics.htm
  5. Texas Council on Family Violence “Abuse in Texas” at http://www.tcfv.org/resources/abuse-in-texas/